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please try againinclude error,path:/comp/breadcrumb/nav?compId=breadcrumb_nav-1551024681310 cause:org.springframework.web.util.NestedServletException: Request processing failed; nested exception is java.lang.RuntimeException: org.springframework.transaction.TransactionSystemException: Could not commit JDBC transaction; nested exception is java.sql.SQLException: Unknown error%!(EXTRA string=invalid protocol version: 255) org.springframework.transaction.TransactionSystemException: Could not commit JDBC transaction; nested exception is java.sql.SQLException: Unknown error%!(EXTRA string=invalid protocol version: 255) at org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager.doCommit(DataSourceTransactionManager.java:275) at cn.ce.ebiz.framework.persistence.mybatis.DataSourceTransactionManagerExt.doCommit(DataSourceTransactionManagerExt.java:55) at org.springframework.transaction.support.AbstractPlatformTransactionManager.processCommit(AbstractPlatformTransactionManager.java:761) at org.springframework.transaction.support.AbstractPlatformTransactionManager.commit(AbstractPlatformTransactionManager.java:730) at org.springframework.transaction.interceptor.TransactionAspectSupport.commitTransactionAfterReturning(TransactionAspectSupport.java:483) at org.springframework.transaction.interceptor.TransactionAspectSupport.invokeWithinTransaction(TransactionAspectSupport.java:290) at org.springframework.transaction.interceptor.TransactionInterceptor.invoke(TransactionInterceptor.java:96) at org.springframework.aop.framework.ReflectiveMethodInvocation.proceed(ReflectiveMethodInvocation.java:179) at org.springframework.aop.interceptor.ExposeInvocationInterceptor.invoke(ExposeInvocationInterceptor.java:92) at org.springframework.aop.framework.ReflectiveMethodInvocation.proceed(ReflectiveMethodInvocation.java:179) at org.springframework.aop.framework.JdkDynamicAopProxy.invoke(JdkDynamicAopProxy.java:213) at com.sun.proxy.$Proxy92.findPageNameById(Unknown Source) at com.alibaba.dubbo.common.bytecode.Wrapper137.invokeMethod(Wrapper137.java) at com.alibaba.dubbo.rpc.proxy.javassist.JavassistProxyFactory$1.doInvoke(JavassistProxyFactory.java:45) at com.alibaba.dubbo.rpc.proxy.AbstractProxyInvoker.invoke(AbstractProxyInvoker.java:71) at com.alibaba.dubbo.config.invoker.DelegateProviderMetaDataInvoker.invoke(DelegateProviderMetaDataInvoker.java:48) at com.alibaba.dubbo.rpc.protocol.InvokerWrapper.invoke(InvokerWrapper.java:52) at cn.ce.ebiz.framework.remoting.DubboContextFilter.invoke(DubboContextFilter.java:220) at com.alibaba.dubbo.rpc.protocol.ProtocolFilterWrapper$1.invoke(ProtocolFilterWrapper.java:68) at com.alibaba.dubbo.rpc.filter.ExceptionFilter.invoke(ExceptionFilter.java:61) at com.alibaba.dubbo.rpc.protocol.ProtocolFilterWrapper$1.invoke(ProtocolFilterWrapper.java:68) at com.alibaba.dubbo.rpc.filter.TimeoutFilter.invoke(TimeoutFilter.java:41) at com.alibaba.dubbo.rpc.protocol.ProtocolFilterWrapper$1.invoke(ProtocolFilterWrapper.java:68) at com.alibaba.dubbo.monitor.support.MonitorFilter.invoke(MonitorFilter.java:74) at com.alibaba.dubbo.rpc.protocol.ProtocolFilterWrapper$1.invoke(ProtocolFilterWrapper.java:68) at com.alibaba.dubbo.rpc.protocol.dubbo.filter.TraceFilter.invoke(TraceFilter.java:77) at com.alibaba.dubbo.rpc.protocol.ProtocolFilterWrapper$1.invoke(ProtocolFilterWrapper.java:68) at com.alibaba.dubbo.rpc.filter.ContextFilter.invoke(ContextFilter.java:71) at com.alibaba.dubbo.rpc.protocol.ProtocolFilterWrapper$1.invoke(ProtocolFilterWrapper.java:68) at com.alibaba.dubbo.rpc.filter.GenericFilter.invoke(GenericFilter.java:131) at com.alibaba.dubbo.rpc.protocol.ProtocolFilterWrapper$1.invoke(ProtocolFilterWrapper.java:68) at com.alibaba.dubbo.rpc.filter.ClassLoaderFilter.invoke(ClassLoaderFilter.java:37) at com.alibaba.dubbo.rpc.protocol.ProtocolFilterWrapper$1.invoke(ProtocolFilterWrapper.java:68) at com.alibaba.dubbo.rpc.filter.EchoFilter.invoke(EchoFilter.java:37) at com.alibaba.dubbo.rpc.protocol.ProtocolFilterWrapper$1.invoke(ProtocolFilterWrapper.java:68) at com.alibaba.dubbo.rpc.protocol.dubbo.DubboProtocol$1.reply(DubboProtocol.java:98) at com.alibaba.dubbo.remoting.exchange.support.header.HeaderExchangeHandler.handleRequest(HeaderExchangeHandler.java:96) at com.alibaba.dubbo.remoting.exchange.support.header.HeaderExchangeHandler.received(HeaderExchangeHandler.java:168) at com.alibaba.dubbo.remoting.transport.DecodeHandler.received(DecodeHandler.java:50) at com.alibaba.dubbo.remoting.transport.dispatcher.ChannelEventRunnable.run(ChannelEventRunnable.java:79) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1145) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:615) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:745) Caused by: java.sql.SQLException: Unknown error%!(EXTRA string=invalid protocol version: 255) at com.mysql.jdbc.SQLError.createSQLException(SQLError.java:965) at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.checkErrorPacket(MysqlIO.java:3978) at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.checkErrorPacket(MysqlIO.java:3914) at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.sendCommand(MysqlIO.java:2530) at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.sqlQueryDirect(MysqlIO.java:2683) at com.mysql.jdbc.ConnectionImpl.execSQL(ConnectionImpl.java:2491) at com.mysql.jdbc.ConnectionImpl.commit(ConnectionImpl.java:1555) at com.mchange.v2.c3p0.impl.NewProxyConnection.commit(NewProxyConnection.java:803) at org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager.doCommit(DataSourceTransactionManager.java:272) ... 42 more

塑胶托盘配方设计——塑胶托盘辅料篇

2011-11-26
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塑胶托盘配方设计之塑胶托盘辅料篇

塑胶托盘塑料助剂主要是为了改善加工性能,提高使用效能和降低成本。助剂在塑料用料中所占比例较少,但对塑料制品的质量却有很大影响。不同种类的塑料,因成型加工方法以及使用条件不同,所需助剂的种类和用量也不同。主要的助剂有以下几类:   

1、增塑剂:增塑剂能增加塑料的柔软性、延伸性、可塑性,降低塑料流动温度和硬度,有利于塑胶托盘等塑料制品的成型。常用的有苯二甲酸酯类、癸二酸酯类、氯化石蜡及樟脑等。我们最常见的是樟脑。   

2、稳定剂:我们都知道塑料制品在加工、贮存和使用过程中,在光、热、氧的作用下,会发生褪色、脆化、裂开的老化现象。为延缓和阻止老化现象的发生,必须加入稳定剂。主要用来防止热老化的,叫热稳定剂;主要用来防止氧化老化的,叫做抗氧剂;主要用来防止光老化的,叫做光稳定剂,它们统称为稳定剂。当今性能最优秀的塑料稳定剂是甲基锡热稳定剂(简称181),对硬质聚乙烯(PVC)的压延,挤塑,注塑和吹塑成型都非常有效。又由于它安全性高,所以特别用于食品包装和高清晰度的硬质聚乙烯制品,同时,它也被普遍应用于塑料门窗,上水管道,装饰材料中,以取代其他高毒性的塑料热稳定剂。

3、阻燃剂:能够提高塑料耐燃性的助剂叫做阻燃剂。含有阻燃剂的塑料大多数具有自熄性,或燃烧速率减缓等。常用的阻燃剂有氧化锑及铝、硼的化合物,卤化物和磷酸酯、四氯苯二甲酸酐、四澳苯二甲酸酐等。

4、抗静电剂:抗静电剂起着消除或减少塑料制品表面产生静电的作用。抗静电剂大多数是电解质,它们与合成树脂的相溶性有限,这样可以迁移至塑料表面,达到吸潮和消除静电的作用。   

5、发泡剂:塑料发泡剂是一种在一定温度下可以气化的低分子有机物,如二氯二氟甲烷;或者受热时会分解出气体的有机化合物。这些气体留在塑料基体中便形成有许多细微泡沫结构的泡沫塑料。常用的有偶氮化合物、亚硝基化合物等。   

6、着色剂:着色剂用于塑料的着色。主要起美化、修饰作用。塑料制品中约有80%是经过着色后制成最终制品的。